Actually, it never left. At least not in Madagascar, where plague is endemic, and is reported every year in the area. In fact, they even have a plague season. It runs from September through April, and they usually get about 400 cases each year. However, according the WHO “the ongoing pneumonic plague event has been reported in a non-endemic area and in densely populated cities for the first time.” There have already been more then 300 cases and 40 deaths in Madagascar and plague season is just getting started.
Usually, bubonic plague is the more common form in this area, and is transmitted via fleas. Pneumonic plague, which effects the lungs, is airborne, and is therefore more easily spread and more deadly. If left untreated, bubonic plague travels to the lungs and becomes pneumonic plague. Without antibiotics, pneumonic plague is 100% fatal. The WHO is working on distributing more antibiotics, but for a disease that’s spread via the air and has reached a densely populated area, they are facing a complicated race against time.
WHO Plague Fact Sheet
Or at least that’s what the news would like you to believe in their alarmist articles. The plague! Fleas! (Fleas are legitimately terrifying I admit.)
“Symptoms of plague in humans generally appear within two to six days following exposure and include the following: fever, chills, headache, weakness, muscle pain, and swollen lymph glands (called ‘buboes’) in the groin, armpits or limbs. The disease can become septicemic (spreading throughout the bloodstream) and/or pneumonic (affecting the lungs), but is curable with proper antibiotic therapy if diagnosed and treated early.”
I know, I know, put the “the plague” in an article headline and you get clicks. And yes, it can be fatal. But the above quote should be more heavily emphasized, as many people will read the headline and nothing else. Seriously, one headline reads: “Black Death hits AMERICA as the medieval plague that wiped out a quarter of the world’s population is found in FLEAS in Arizona.” This is accurate but melodramatic, as a similar death toll is unlikely to happen today.
On the other hand, I could be wrong! Who knows! Everything is a gamble. Enjoy this giant picture of a flea. Pro tip: Don’t go out of your way to search for flea or plague pictures.
Article: Man Gets Plague From Stray Cat
A Scary Snippet:
Gaylord’s illness began after he saw a stray cat with a dead mouse jammed in the back of his throat. The cat appeared to be choking, so Gaylord and a friend attempted to dislodge the mouse. The distressed cat bit his hand. Unable to remove the mouse, Gaylord shot Charlie to end his suffering and buried him in the yard. Two days later, he awoke with a fever and chills.
He spent nearly a month on life support and only recently left the intensive care unit. At one point, doctors thought he was going to die, said Debbie Gaylord, his wife.
Do Not Put Hand Here
I guess the lesson here is not to stick your hand down the mouth of a stray cat. Probably you shouldn’t stick your hand down the mouth of your pet cat either. Just a hunch, but I don’t think cats like this sort of attention. Just always assume everything is diseased and you will be safe. You might also be paranoid all the time but that’s a small price to pay. And whatever you do, do NOT google pictures of “plague.”
Update: This is a frivolous observation compared to the fact this man will likely lose all his fingers but this is the only article I have found so far that gave the now deceased stray cat a name.
CDC Plague Page
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